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A visit to Okayama Castle

Okayama castle is easily accessed from the main Sanyo bullet train line making it a practical day trip from Osaka, Kyoto and Hiroshima. For anyone with an interest in castles, gardens or Japanese feudal history Okayama is a worthwhile city to visit.

Okayama Castle in Japan

Okayama is best known for its Korakuen Garden, notably one of the top three gardens in Japan.  We had planned to spend the afternoon exploring them but after enjoying the fantastic views of Okayama Castle from inside the gardens we knew we had to cross the river and take a closer look.  

Korakuen uses the concept of ‘borrowed scenery’ prevalent in Japanese garden design to connect the castle and garden visually.  The rating of these gardens among the top three in the country isn’t an exaggeration, we absolutely loved them, if you want a sneak peek, take a look at our recent post on  Okayama’s spectacular Korakuen gardens.

As you wander through Korakuen there are several spots that boast picture-perfect views of the black crow castle beyond.  Okayama is one of over 100 castles remaining in Japan today but like the majority of them what you see is mostly a recreation with a few pieces that have been preserved and restored.

The History of Okayama Castle

The castle has a slightly ill-fated history.  Construction was started by Ukita Naoie in 1573 but he didn’t live to see it completed.  His son Ukita Hideie finished Okayama castle in 1597 but only lived in it for 3 years before he was captured in the Battle of Sekigahara and exiled.  The castle became spoils of war and passed to Kobayakawa Hideaki who lived only two more years without producing an heir.  The castle then passed to the Ikeda clan who added the beautiful Korakuen garden.

During the Meiji era in 1869, the grandeur and expanse of the castle began to disappear and the castle was abandoned in 1873.  The Meiji government saw Okayama Castle and other symbols from the time of the samurai as a thing of the past with little value.  The outer moat was filled in and walls were knocked down to allow the city to develop.  

Despite the misfortunes of its early owners, the castle was one of the few that survived until modern times.  During WW2 allied bombers burned the castle to the ground, and only a few small structures survived.  Among the survivors was the Moon Viewing Turret that dates back to 1620 and some parts of the wall. Later some original foundations around the grounds were uncovered and relocated.  Many of the walls and the main castle tower (donjon) that stands today are recreations added in 1966.

The original castle must have been an impressive sight.  Today the golden Shachihoko statues (a figure from Japanese folk stories of an animal with the head of a tiger and body of a fish) gleam from the roof.  Originally it wasn’t only these fire protection ornaments that were gilded, Hideie also had the roof tiles covered in gold which earned the castle its original nickname of golden crow castle.

Around the castle grounds

The main castle tower (donjon)

Okayama Castle’s main keep is three tiers and six stories high.  Although now rebuilt of ferroconcrete the replica is believed to be true to the original design based on the extensive records that had been maintained from the Ikeda period.

The outer walls of the original castle were painted in Japanese lacquer to give the castle its unique black appearance and to provide a level of fireproofing to the wooden building.  Another unusual aspect of this castle is that the first floor has the shape of a pentagon, the shaping of various castle buildings at the time as pentagons and diamonds was intentional to allow easy movement of the troops inside for its defence.

Planning a visit to Okayama Castle, Japan
Planning a visit to Okayama Castle, Japan

The Rokomon Gate

The Rokomon gate formed the lower end of a long corridor used by the Lord of the Castle to connect the Omoto-shoin (the feudal government office on the middle level) to the Hondan (the highest level).  The gate was rebuilt in the original location from reinforced concrete in 1966.

Rokamon gate at Okayama Castle

Akazu-no-mon gate

This substantial castle gate at the southern end gives entry to a flight of wide stone steps which leads to the inner castle grounds.

Akazu-no-mon gate at Okayama Castle

Moon viewing turret (Tsukimi Yagura)

Located in the northwest corner this watchtower survived the Allied bombing and is now protected as an important cultural property.  It dates back to the Ikeda era of the castle in 1620.

Moon viewing turret at Okayama Castle
Moon viewing turret at Okayama Castle

The basement layer served as a storage space accessed under the floor from the first level.  The upper levels were used as watch towers incorporating the lattice windows and stone drop setup seen in many castles of the era.

It is interesting that the space was multifunctional, the inner grounds side of the second floor of the structure was also used for everyday life.  It was equipped with a veranda and handrail with a shutter to allow the palace to enjoy viewing the moon and the seasons.

The ruins of Omotoshoin

Okayama Castle foundation stones of the original Tenshukaku (main tower)

When the replica of the original donjon (main tower) was rebuilt in 1966.  The new castle tower was built with reinforced concrete so the original cornerstones of the castle tower were brought to this section and meticulously positioned as the originals had been.

Visitor Information for Okayama Castle

The castle is open daily between 9 am and 5.30 pm, it is closed only in the lead-up to the New Year period from the 29-31 December.  Good views of the castle are available from the surrounding area even when it is closed and it’s especially attractive from inside Korakuen garden or looking across the river from the other side.

Access to the areas around the main castle keep is free.  The adult entry fee to the inner castle areas is Y300 but it can also be purchased as a combined ticket with the gardens for Y560, a discount of Y140 on the individual prices.  Discounted children and group ticketing are available.

Are you looking for other ideas to combine with a day in Okayama?

You might want to contrast the black crow design of Okayama Castle with the more traditional white heron styling of the famous Himeji Castle.  It’s only 30 minutes away by train.

If you’re looking for something more active you could head to Soja or Bizen-Ichinomiya station within Okayama prefecture and hire cycles to take a relaxed 17 km ride between the two stations.  Riding mostly on a  dedicated cycle path between the rice paddies you can stop in at temples and shrines while learning the local folk story of Momotaro.

It’s only 40 minutes further to get to Hiroshima from Okayama which makes it a convenient place to break the journey for anyone travelling along the  Sanjo / Tokaido bullet train line from Tokyo, Kyoto or Osaka. There are lockers in the station if you need to leave your luggage.

Another area of Okayama that we love is the historic canal area in Kurashiki Bikan, this area is less than 20 minutes by train from Okayama station and is beautiful to explore at a leisurely pace on foot. We particularly enjoy it on a weekday when it is far less busy than a weekend.

Getting to Okayama Castle & Korakuen Garden

From Okayama station, it’s around 1.8 km to the castle and you have two main options to get there.  You can walk down the main street which will take you around 20 minutes or you can catch the tram from outside the train station.  The tram will cost Y100 and takes 11 minutes.  It runs every 5 minutes but allowing for wait time and stops along the way there may not be much time difference between the two options.

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Wednesday 8th of June 2016

I visited Okayama several years ago but unfortunately, I don't recall visiting the castle. I do think castles in Japan are amazing places and I would love to see more of them.

Brenda Tolentino

Monday 16th of May 2016

It's interesting that The Okayama Castle, despite its unfortunate beginnings stood the test of time after all. It really must've been a fantastic castle when it was passed down to the Ikeda clan. We'd love to get a chance to visit one day.

Wandering Carol

Monday 16th of May 2016

How lovely. I've only been to Tokyo and would love to explore Japan more. The Moon Viewing Turret sounds so romantic - I'm glad it survived.

Elizabeth @ Compass & Fork

Sunday 15th of May 2016

Very interesting they rebuilt the castle in 1966. Do you know if they did that with other castles in the country or if any survive in their original state. This one looks amazing and I agree it must have been quite grand when it was originally built.

2 Aussie Travellers

Monday 16th of May 2016

Hi Elizabeth, there are only 12 original castles I believe that have the main tower dating back to the feudal times, many of the others have some structures still standing. Some were taken down and materials reused at the end of that time as a relic of the past and many others were targeted and bombed during WW2. The original ones like Himeji and Hikone are special but the recreations are also impressive. There are surprisingly detailed records of the work different Lords had done over the centuries and the rebuilds although often on modern foundation and made of non flammable materials are very faithful to the original. I particularly like that they rebuilt Okayama overlooking it's original huge gardens. Some of these smaller cities give a better feel of what the original castle town must have been like than bigger ones like Tokyo and Osaka.


Sunday 15th of May 2016

Oh man, you visited during Cherry Blossom season. I am so very jealous! We started our around-the-world trip in Japan and it's definitely one of our favorite places. A country full of beauty, delicious food and polite people. We loved it. We'll have had to add this to our return trip itinerary, we missed Osaka and this sounds like an easy day trip.

2 Aussie Travellers

Sunday 15th of May 2016

It's a country that we've been back to several times and hope to return to again for a few more visits, we always leave with a list of places to see next time that's as long as the one we started with.

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